The company is also accused of installing surveillance equipment that enabled Iranian authorities to monitor and subsequently detain protesters during anti-government demonstrations in 2009, and of lying to competitors and US government about business it was doing in North Korea despite the imposition of sanctions there.
Meng is currently fighting extradition from Canada, where she had been arrested at US request over a related probe into Huawei's violations of US sanctions.
The case comes as the Trump administration is raising national security concerns about Huawei, the world's largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer, and is aggressively lobbying Western allies against including the company in the latest 5G wireless networks.
The latest indictment brought by federal prosecutors in Brooklyn adds charges of racketeering conspiracy and conspiracy to steal trade secrets to the earlier charges of lying to banks about deals that violated economic sanctions against Iran. Federal prosecutors in Seattle have brought a separate trade secrets theft case against the company.
The latest allegations accuse Huawei of plotting to steal the trade secrets and intellectual property of rival companies in the US In some cases, prosecutors said, Huawei recruited former employees of rival companies and also offered bonuses to its own employees to steal information from competitors.
The company also used proxies, including professors at research institutions, to steal intellectual property, prosecutors said.
The stolen information including antenna and robot testing technology as well as user manuals for internet routers.
In May 2013, according to the indictment, a Huawei employee removed a robot arm from the lab of another company, and measurements and photographs of the arm were then shared with company engineers.
In another allegation, a professor at a Chinese university entered into a contract with Huawei to develop prototype software for memory hardware, then signed a licensing agreement with a rival company that offered the professor access to its own proprietary technology.
The company has consistently denied the allegations against it.
Trump administration officials have recently levelled national security allegations against Huawei in an effort to encourage European nations to ban the gear from next-generation cellular networks. (AP)